It is a specialized branch in eye diseases that deals with non-cancerous and cancerous tumors of the eye. As in any other parts of the body, cancer can occur in various structures of the eyes. Tumors and cancer developing in other body parts can also spread to the eye. It can be vision as well as life threatening.
Early diagnosis and appropriate management by a specialist ocular oncologist has excellent outcome. It is extremely important to identify the right professional care as it is beyond eye care where the aim is to save life, eye and vision.
Is a specialist who is trained in the cure of eye diseases and, further specialized and trained in treating eye cancer. An ocular oncologist takes utmost care in preserving eye and vision along with treating the cancer. The team comprises of medical/ radiation oncologist, interventional radiologist, pathologist and a geneticist.
When compared to other cancers like breast, lungs, stomach and, leukemia it is not as common; but, not rare. Likewise all these common cancers can also spread to the eye leading to blindness. The challenge is lack of awareness among the public and health care workers regarding the same, leading to late detection, and advanced stage of cancer by the time patient reaches the specialist.
Yes, eye tumor/ cancer can occur in all age groups. It can be present even at birth. Most common eye cancer in children is retinoblastoma with excellent outcome if detected early. Among elders eyelid and eye surface tumors are more common.
It requires a trained ocular oncologist who is well versed with the protocols of treatment. If the protocols are followed strictly, it can be treated with complete cure. The outcome also depends on the stage at the time of diagnosis.
It can be completely removed surgically with specific steps and precautions to prevent the tumor growing back. It can also be treated with eyedrops and injections. It may also require a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy as in other cancers depending on the stage. Recent advancement with targeted treatment of eye cancer is very promising. The main goal in treatment is to save life. Newer techniques helps saving eye and vision.
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